A repertory of human and legal rights and institutional duties and obligations are set in place to prevent and counter trafficking in persons and to tackle those who corporally or functionally enslave their fellow human beings for lowering costs or increasing income of in their life.

Justice is the State response to damage: the law and the principles from which justice derives translates in the right to have certainty and fairness of the conduct that creates harm to someone and damages the shared coexistence of a community. Justice is also peace building by redressing and repressing episodic or sustained actions of harm and those harmful or dehumanizing businesses underlying the process of trafficking of humans, as well as the acts of exploiting individuals, whether physically or at level of their integral human capacity.

Resorting to penal justice in a state of rights and Institutionalized power and law, as opposed to seeking justice by own hands is what graduated humans from a barbarian and violent way of claiming redress -which endlessly creates more violence and vengeance circuits- to an established and consensual way of shared coexistence under the rule of law. An effective penal justice, based on rules of forbidden conducts and the incentive to constructive behaviors within every national community, is the main avenue of human civilization and development.

However, justice as a public service of the State and a subjective right of every member of the national community is a complex response that is approached on a case by case basis; individual harm by individual harm; individual perpetrator by individual perpetrator whether acting alone, in association to others or in connection to a criminal network operation. Hence, only when the harm and pain inflicted to someone is fully understood, can it be properly redressed by punishment and reparation in each case. Penal justice is possibly the oldest and most precise branch of law in every legal system and culture of the world. New criminal challenges in a globalized and increasingly intangible i.e. virtual world like human trafficking, and smuggling of migrants are a tremendous challenge to penal justice operators around the world. These state agents need to be strengthened in their capacity and knowledge, while civil society members and organization improve the understanding of risks and ways of operation that shape contemporary criminal conducts of individuals and organization, so as to accurately prevent and report the crimes, which rip off the autonomy and dignity of humans, and dehumanize people for the sake of profit

In order to do so, the horizon of change requires the dissemination of knowledge on what the standards of an autonomous dignity-based way of requesting and engaging in work, as well as humanly dignified pleasure, travel, and entertainment are, so as to be capable of, given the case of detecting the failure to such standards and the breaches, to dignified human relations are. Understanding the modus operandi of dehumanization and the contexts, circumstances, and conditions that facilitate it, tolerate it, and thus attract opportunistic criminal mindsets and behaviors to extract profit from it, is at the core of the horizon of change.

In the same sense, thorough understanding of the values of personal autonomy and dignity, reinforcing the beliefs and behaviors that allow to sense risk and avoid or, if possible, resist to criminal strategies set for attracting or recruiting victims, and to avoid self-victimization to secure survival-income opportunities or increased income and relevance by a disoriented ambition of success and prosperity, are fundamental to attain systemic changes in matters of human trafficking and the criminal exploitation of persons. In the same train of thought, thoroughly and precisely comprehension of the the state and societal reproach of these symbiotic crimes and the constantly mutating ways of recruiting, transferring, and receiving victims for exploitation, and of the constant evolution of the modus operandi of crime are key to offering an effective state response to crime and of justice to the victims and the perpetrators of harm.

Workshops for education on state justice and civil action against the commodification, trafficking, and exploitation of human beings is the main path to make systemic change in the situation of increased confusion of the rising risks and crimes of human trafficking and exploitation. Equally important is an effort of constantly monitoring, observing, and analyzing news stories and cases related to these two symbiotic crimes, as well as to their connecting environment, including the business of undocumented migrant smuggling and the humanitarian situation of refugee seekers.